DAKIS pilot region Bavaria

The second DAKIS pilot region is located in the Lower Bavarian Isar-Inn-Hügelland and the adjacent flat Inntal, in the district of Passau. In the hill country, erosion control on agricultural land poses a particular challenge. The annual soil loss due to water erosion can be up to 10 t per hectare and requires adapted management (e.g. year-round ground cover), especially on arable land. Due to the relief, yield-determining factors such as water and nutrient availability as well as solar radiation and soil conditions vary in a very confined space. The agricultural areas of the Inntal, on the other hand, are much more homogeneous and easier to manage. The annual precipitation is approx. 920 mm, the average annual temperature in Passau is 8.9 °C. The average number of fields is about 55 to 60. Due to the given environmental conditions, crops such as maize, rape and wheat are mainly cultivated.

The pilot region is characterised by small-scale agriculture. The average field size is less than 2 hectares and farms around 26 hectares. This is also reflected in a significantly higher labour force of up to 5 workers per 100 hectares, while in Brandenburg on average a maximum of 2.5 workers are employed per hectare. Agriculture is therefore also an integral part of society.

Due to the small-scale structure and relief, structural elements such as hedges, copses, individual trees, ditches, streams and springs have established themselves at the borders of neighbouring fields, woodlands and streams, which make a valuable contribution to the preservation of biodiversity and whose protection has gained in importance in recent decades.

Field size pilot region Bavaria

Hill country of the pilot region Bavaria