In the subproject “Data and sensors – real-time monitoring of agro-ecosystems” (SP2), sensors and models are developed that enable the recording and simulation of ES in real-time. The aim of SP2 is a continuous recording and description of the landscape of the pilot regions as well as the experimental fields in their entire structure, paying particular attention to their small-scale heterogeneity. A wireless sensor network is being developed to record and implement site-specific requirements on a small-scale in real-time.
The data collected in SP2 are required for the “Optimization of the cultivation and operational planning” which takes place in SP3. The aim of this sub-project is the identification of the optimal operational production adapted to the location, including the remuneration of ES. The farming operations of the site are modeled for this purpose and optimal solutions and scenarios are found between the contrasting priorities of economics, ES and the technical measurement feasibility.
In SP 5 ( DAKIS implementation ) the differentiated provision of ES, biodiversity and biogenic products is tested in practice. Through the use of smart farming technologies, innovative cultivation methods are being tested and developed that make it possible to realize different production goals within a usable area, on a small-scale and sub-area-specific basis. The results obtained in SP5 thus also serve to validate DAKIS. The SP is subdivided into the following packages: arable land, grassland and robotics.
All activities of the sub-projects are covered by SP6 ( Forward-looking assessment and legal review ) accompanied and supported with foresight studies, sustainability and legal assessments. The law of digitization in particular is a highly complex matter that is currently developing in a wide variety of sub-areas. The area of responsibility ranges from clarifying legal semantics to legal forms of regulation. Data rights up to data ownership, big data, robotics, algorithm control, security and safety and legal handling of personal data, machine data, open data – geodata, environmental data, scientific data are analyzed. To this end, a legal design of the DAKIS system is being examined.
Regional project advisory boards will be established in the two pilot regions, which will actively participate in and further develop DAKIS. At the end of the project, there will be a prototype of the DAKIS system, which will propose options for action for the two pilot regions.